RMS 2005 study

RMS2005 was an international study coordinated by the European pediatric Soft tissue sarcoma Study Group (EpSSG) dedicated to children and adolescents (0-25 years) with nonmetastatic rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). Patients were allocated to four different groups: low risk (LR), standard risk (SR), high risk (HR), and very high risk (VHR). Patients in LR, SR, and VHR were enrolled in three different observational studies partially published.1,2 HR patients were included in two consecutive randomized trials that demonstrated doxorubicin can be safely omitted from standard chemotherapy and a survival advantage from adding maintenance chemotherapy to standard treatment.
The study was open from October 1st, 2005, to December 31st, 2016 and 1,733 patients were enrolled from 14 countries (Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, France, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Norway, Switzerland, Slovenia, Spain, The Netherlands, and United Kingdom).
After a median followup of 73.1 months, the 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of the 1,733 patients enrolled were 70.7% and 80.4%, respectively. The results by subgroup: LR (80 patients) EFS 93.7%, OS 96.7%; SR (652 patients) EFS 77.4%, OS 90.6%; HR (851 patients) EFS 67.3%, OS 76.7%; and VHR (150 patients) EFS 48.8%, OS 49.7%. The study demonstrated that around 80% of patients with nonmetastatic RMS are long-term survivors, partly explained by the excellent outcome of LR and SR patients (42.2% of the population), with long-term survival rates above 90%. The LR group results demonstrate that the criteria we used identify a selected group (4.6% of patients) that can be treated with relatively short, low-toxic chemotherapy.
The RMS 2005 trial has modified the existing European standard proposing: (1) a 22-week alkylating-free regimen for LR patients, (2) the reduction of the cumulative dose of ifosfamide in the SR group, (3) the omission of anthracyclines in HR patients (4) 27 weeks of standard chemotherapy (ifosfamide, vincristine and actinomycn D), with the addition of maintenance chemotherapy for HR patients.

The contribution of Modesto Carli (Padova), Odile Oberlin (Paris) and Michele Steven (Bristol) must be acknowledged. With their work and vision, they created the EpSSG, making the RMS 2005 and RMS 2008 trials possible.

Coordinating Investigator RMS 2005

Prof. Gianni Bisogno
Department of Women’s and children’s health, University of Padova,
via Giustiniani, 3 - 35128 Padova, Italia

Current Members
Gianni BisognoItalyHaematology/Oncology Division, University of Padova, Padova
Meriel Jenney UKChildren’s Hospital for Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff
Soledad GallegoSpainDepartment of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron,Barcelona
Christophe BergeronFranceInstitute of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Center Leon Berard,Lyon
Veronique Minard-ColinFranceDepartment of Pediatric and Adolescent Oncology, Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif
Henry MandevilleUnited KingdomRoyal Marsden Hospital and Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton
Andrea FerrariItalyPediatric Oncology Unit, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milano
Helene MartelliFranceService de Chirurgie Pediatrique, Hopital de Bicetre
Anna KelseyUnited KingdomDept. of Paediatric Hiistopathology, Manchester University, NHS Foundation Trust
Gian Luca De SalvoItalyIOV Veneto Oncology Institute, Padova